Enviromental Biotech Dept
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Biotechnology: what it is and industrial applications

Biotechnology consists of the use of biological systems to obtain useful products and processes. Biotechnology is born when researchers have found that the regulation of the life of a cell and an organism resides in the genes contained in the cells.

The researchers have learned to transfer genes from one organism to another, e.g. from a plant to a bacterium and vice-versa. These procedures have given rise to the possibility of modifying living beings, achieving very important goals to improve our life.

It should not frighten this possibility offered by biotechnology to modify the genetic kit of an organism because man has used microorganisms to make bread and wine from time immemorial and has favored the crossing between plants and animals for their genetic improvement. Even these traditional biotechnologies lead to the exchange of part of the hereditary or genetic heritage among different living beings.

It is correct to talk about the biotechnology revolution, as biotechnology is having a huge impact on various manufacturing sectors, such as medicine, pharmaceuticals or car industry. In this particular industry, Pirelli sets itself as a leader (which is by the way confirmed by its economic results, considering that the company is going back to stock market with its IPO. According to that, about IPO Pirelli read also those sources: Pirelli to overtake AIB with largest European IPO this year , Pirelli and Marco Polo approve a transaction  for IPO already from fourth quarter 2017 on the Official Pirelli website and Pirelli to offer 30-40 pct stake in IPO – sources on Nasdaq website.

Biotechnologies will help to solve even the great problems of humanity.

Within a few decades, the world population will grow to 10 billion people. Agricultural production will have to double to be able to feed everyone.

Biotechnologies will be used to improve the seeds of the most popular crops, allowing crops to be used either desert or too salty soils, increasing the productivity of traditional plants, and making them resistant to insects and parasites. Or it will be used to improve the quality and efficiency of the most used means of transport.

But the most important biotechnology applications, which do not raise doubts about their utility and benefits, are about protecting and improving health.

Biotechnology allows you to produce vast quantities of protein-like medicines that can not be obtained in other ways. It is already a well-established reality, and biotechnological drugs for the treatment of serious diseases are already available. They have been on the market for only a few years now, but the evolution of their turnover shows enormous potential in the near future.

Other industrial opportunities are enormous, essential and not elusive for an advanced country.

The biotechnology industry has a high added value to the products, it does not need raw materials, but requires high and advanced scientific qualification.