Microbial ecology is the term that stands for ecology of microorganisms. It deals with the relationship among microorganisms and their relationship with their environment.
Microbiology is the study of micro organisms, would those being single cell ones, multi cell ones or the ones that lack any cells at all. Regardless, it is a study that deals with the behavior, reproduction and structure of these single cells. It is an important study as it allows us to further understand how they work and perhaps understand how life began in the first place. Microbiology is important to many fields and is extremely beneficial to medicine since it allows scientists to further understand how microorganisms, would those be bad ones (microbes) or the good ones.
This is also a field that extensively studies their behavior, amongst their own kind as well as the inter-special competition between micro organisms. This also allows us to see evolution in effect, for example how the administration of different drugs like penicillin affects a certain bacteria and how it adapts in a matter of a few generations. In other words it allows us to observe evolution and the ability of organisms and micro organisms to adapt in real time.
Ecology deals with the study of the relationships between the different living organisms, small or big, and their surrounding environment. This is a crucial scientific study that gives us an insight both into the world of the small, in this case the microorganisms, and the larger species such as larger animals. This further understanding gives us an insight on how to preserve the natural flow of the events and act without disturbing the life on earth.
Ecology also comes into play when a man-made disaster strikes, it allows for humans to restore the balance in an eco system in a matter of years without any permanent damage being dealt to the local wildlife. Ecology also gives us a further insight into natural selection, how different species interact with one another and how the inter-species competition affects everyone.
These two, when together, allow us to see in depth both the big and the small, and allow us to better understand the vital and frail relations that organism everywhere have. Thanks to them we understand how crucial a pebble can be to a small sea horse or how the migration of the tuna fish transforms the coasts of California each year.